This marked its sixteenth Summer Olympic appearance as an independent nation, although it had previously competed in four other editions as a British colony, and as part of the West Indies Federation. Jamaica Olympic Association sent its largest ever delegation to the Games, with 56 athletes, 25 men and 31 women, competing only in track and field, swimming, diving, and artistic gymnastics, which marked the country's Olympic debut in Rio de Janeiro. Jamaica left Rio de Janeiro with a total of 11 medals 6 gold, 3 silver, and 2 bronze , matching its overall tally from the Summer Olympics in Beijing; all of these medals were awarded to the track and field athletes. Jamaican athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events up to a maximum of 3 athletes in each event :  . When the team was named in many events, four athletes were named "including alternates. Bolt suffered a grade one hamstring tear during the Jamaican Olympic Trials and pulled out of the final metres race.